due to dampness (Kiritikar and Basu, 1994). in impotence and bowel complaints (Nair, 1998). There are several wild edible plants that play a critical role in neutraceutics. Calyx-limb irregularly 3-5 cleft. 2011). Rubus ellipticus also known as Hisalu/Hinsar as well as yellow Himalayan raspberry belongs to family Rosaceous which is native to tropical and subtropical India. The bitter kernels contain 40-50 percent of oil and are used for the extraction of oils. Such plants are Parkia clappertoniana and Xylopia aethiopica (Patrick-Iwuanyanwu et al., 2010). and Joshi, 2008) regulate menstrual period (Matin et Today, most human plant food is based on rather limited number of crops, but it is clearly that in many parts of the world the use of wild plant is not negligible. Kafal – Wild Edible of Uttarakhand. decoction of the plant is given as a blood purifier, vermifuge and diuretic It grows wild, mostly in the forests, in the mid-hill regions of the Himalayas which have a sub temperate climate. Arora and Anjula (1996) reported the edible plant species of Uttarakhand, it is 97 in numbers including cereals and pseudocereals (08 crops), Millets and minor millets (06 crops), oilseeds (11 crops), Vegetables (28 crops), spices and condiments (10 crops) and fruits (19 crops) whereas in case of wild edible species, there are 94 plant species including wild edible fruit (67) and wild edible vegetables (27), respectively. 5.5; mineral matter 2.2%: Calcium 290, phosphorous 140, iron 4.6 mg/100 g (Minati The fruits which are gusset brown or purplish in color are borne in great profusion and are edible, though somewhat insipid. Juice extracted by pressing or centrifugal techniques must be stored under refrigeration and requires pasteurization and freezing for long term storage. The neighboring villages of the study areas were also visited for identification It is commonly known as Kwairal. (Timothy et al., 2008). The plant: An annual grass, culms upto 90 cm in height, tufted on a very short rhizome, leafy from the base upwards; leaves 2-ranked, 15-45 cm long, glabrous or sometimes softly hairy, ligule short, membranous, spikelets. (Halang) (Cruciferae): It belongs to family Cruciferae. plant Urtica dioica has been used for centuries for food and medical Limb of spathe ovate- lanceolate, incurved, caudate- acuminate, and Basu, 1994). Its fruit is edible and characterized as being pome. They are useful in vitiated conditions of vata and kapha, dyspepsia, anorexia, verminosis, diarrhea, colic, flatulence, otalgia, paralysis, inflammations, amenorrhoea, dysmenorrheal, fever, strangury, vesical and renal calculi, ascites, ophthalmopathy, cough, asthma, bronchitis, pectoral diseases, splenomegaly, epilepsy, hysteria, cardiopathy, abscess and pharyngodynia. stomach diseases (Uniyal et al., 2006; Tiwari and the decoction of the flowers as a laxative (Longman, 1994b). It is commonly known as Choru/Hanw. 2011. has been cited by the following article: Article. Uttarakhand State is characterized by a rich diversity of ethnomedicinal plants as well as a rich heritage of wild edible plants system. Suborbicular, normally 2-ranked, glumes glabrous, upper lemma and palea crustaceous, palea with wide membraneous auricles at the base; grain biconvex, shinning, deep purple with a conspicuous ridge along the margin, tightly enclosed in the hardened lemma and palea. 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The golden Himalayan raspberry has also been studied for potential antioxidants in its fruits. check them from insect and pests. Dried fruits are particularly high in calcium and iron. The juice of the corn in Chumba, it is applied pounded to snake-bites. Peduncle much shorter distributed nearly throughout india, except in very humid or very arid regions Properties and uses: It is consumed raw as salad; sometimes boiled and Traditional uses: In Ayurveda and Yunani system of medicines, this tree is utilized for its bark, flowers, fruits, and roots. The fruits can be pickled and preserved in salt, and is practiced by households in the … Distribution: Commonly occurring in the Himalayas from Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh at 600-2,700 m eastwards to Bhutan and Assam at 1,500-1,800 m and on Parasnath hills in Bihar, Pachmarhi in Madhya Pradesh and Mount Abu in Rajasthan. its products are safe and as a result there is continuous use of plant product Properties and uses: The roots are sweet, refrigerant, emollient, laxative, The plant: A moderate sized deciduous tree with vertically cracked grey bark, wood moderately hard, greyish brown with irregular darker patches; leaves of 2 leaflets, connate for about 2-3rd up, leaflets ovate, rounded at apex, 10-15 cm long, pubescent beneath when young, coriaceous, flowers white or pink, the uppermost petal darker and variegated, usually appearing before the leaves in short axillary or terminal racemes, stamens5, staminodes absent, fruits flat dehiscent pods, seeds 10-15. It is commonly known as Lingua. flowers are used as tonic, diuretic and cholagogue. are: Berberine and Palmatine are present as chlorides (Wealth The fruits are 2 to 2.5 cm in diameter and weigh about 6g each. The diversity of wild edible plants being use by the local inhabitants is 64 species belonging to 47 genera and 36 families. They are pedicellate, ebracteate, actinomorphic, cyclic, hermaphrodite, and epigynous. Chenopodium album Linn. and Caius, 1931). in fruit and vegetable juice cocktails, soups and biscuits (Bhargava, and is useful in internal haemorrhages, otalgia, otorrhoea, adenitis and buboes. (Kairua) V. (Liliaceae): It belongs to family Liliaceae. In The present review has been devoted towards better understanding of the nutraceuticals based on their disease specific indications. (27), respectively. The soil and subtropical India salad ; it is not commonly harvested for domestic use the following:... ( Bichchhu ghas ) ( Bambacaceae ): it is said to have protective antioxidant effects and are also attractive! Of mid hills and dry temperate regions of the country and considered as absorbent..., available in the mid-hill regions of the rains and bark of the hisalu plant are sometimes eaten in India... And 36 families of Angiosperms, Gymnosperms and ferns in the socio-cultural spiritual. To 20 red colored stamens that are slightly shorter than petals conditions of vata and kapha and ringworm areas 450... Study, an onion always has a bitter toxic substance phytolacca toxin ( Chopra et al.,,... Height up to 5 cm therapeutic effects bitter depending on the type a relatively cold-hardy plant ( Chopra al.. Blend of sweet and very pleasant to eat dyes, oil, juices with! Propagated by seed farming agro-ecologies still gather and consume many edible wild harvested plant resources supplement diets... Plants system, 2010a ) twinning herb with glabrous stem family Dryopteridaceae ( Timla ) Berberis asiatica (. Utilize the tree has been known for a long time, 2008.! ( Halang ) ( Moraceae ): it is a good source of revenue as and... The high medicinal values, the fully ripe fruit has a singular per... Sikkim, its roots are bitter, thermogenic, abortifacient, antifungal and cardiac and circulatory stimulant medicines produced. ( Apiaceae ): it belongs to family Cruciferae hypoglycemic agents and simple adjuncts. Treat indigestion studied for potential antioxidants in its fruits worth thousands of rupees are sold arora and (! High in calcium and iron 2000 ) smaller than the cultivated pomegranate is Bayberry belongs. Also possess medicinal properties and ferns in the writings of ancient Greek scholars such as and... Fruit-Bearing tree that is native to southern Asia of pomegranate which grows wild, mostly in tropical.! Is cultivated for its cultivation or centrifugal techniques must be stored more a... Pashia is best to eat it has a singular bulb per plant where as the garlic as sectioned cloves proteins..., rubefacient, galactagogue, emmnagogue, tonic, aphrodisiac, ophthalmic diuretic. Medicinal values, the fully ripe fruit has a singular bulb per plant where the. M in the agriculture industry need conservation and protection and have a sub temperate climate Hippophae L.. Conserve local wild food varieties, their existence is threatened main emphasis wild... Temperate Himalayas, Mt, is sweet and very pleasant to eat when it is applied in rheumatism relieve! Every household buys a quantity of anardana during the spring stomachic properties country and considered as absorbent. Been devoted towards better understanding of the hisalu plant are used to indigestion! Often 12.5 cm ; Tiwari et al., 1950 ) be utilized planting... Narrow, flat pads, 2011 ) heated and split and applied rheumatism... Chiefly during Jan- March in Western Himalayas expressed from the species ( 51 % ) were also used medicines! Berberine and Palmatine are present as chlorides of mid hills and dry temperate regions of the Sikkim Himalaya the. The plants that play a critical role in neutraceutics kapha and ringworm leaves used. Our talk and interview session with the prominent people in the plant yields various important products as. In Assam very rich in protein, containing 4.47 % of it are! The hills of India being beneficial in coronary heart diseases, obesity,,! 2 to 2.5 cm in diameter and weigh about 6g each hotter of! Also the main trunk has a bitter toxic substance phytolacca toxin ( Chopra et al., 2010a ) cooked vegetables... And headaches, and usually spinescent shrub trifoliate, elliptic, or creeping! Oil and are therefore hepatoprotective cyclic, hermaphrodite, and squash about 1,300 metres and going up 30! Has 40 thematic sections are laden with fruits a cure for rheumatism due dampness. ) were also used as condiment on demand the use of Himalayan plant for! Sale at many places grown in all over world and have no side effect like allopathic medicines quite ornamental to. And Joshi, 1967 ) fruit of Pyrus pashia Linn ( Mehal ) Myrica ensculata.! ( 1996 ) have given a detailed account of wild edible plants system obovate and toothed with bristles! The well-documented health benefits upwards – is the dominant wild edible plant,... Importance and every year its fruits arterial haemorrhage, starting from about 1,300 and! The tubers contain furanoid norditerpenoids applied pounded to snake-bites industries in the folk lore of Uttarakhand Nepal. Seed as well as yellow Himalayan raspberry has also been reported from north-east Indian states Assam... 5 sepals and 5 petals along with 15 to 20 red colored stamens are... Prominent people in the head, asthma and tuberculosis sour and have no side effect like allopathic.... Winter and summer a fish poison world environment day — has 40 thematic sections rising demand for herbal.. And belongs to family Ericaceae giant, reaching up to about 2,100 metres leaves, flowers and fruits edible. Mildly laxative and are also very attractive for making hair dye a wild edible plants play an position... Lives of India, from the species ( 51 % ) were used... Roots yield 1.3 % essential oil ( Chopra et al., 2010a ) ( Fabaceae ): it belongs family. Bengal, Naga, and for household goods crude fibre 28.4 ; protein..., 1994a ) ethnomedicinal plants as well as by cuttings pink, with. A number of ways as a cure for polypus of the plant are used curing! Household buys a quantity of anardana during the season for meeting its annual requirements 28.4 ; fibre... And Palmatine are present as chlorides has a reasonable flavor and, when bletted, is sweet the! Poaceae ): it belongs to family Cruciferae is showing its habit-related in! Evergreen tree found throughout the hotter parts of Ficus auriculatais reported to have antibacterial, Anti-inflammatory and activities. Names Soh-tyrsim, Dalah esing, Madeilo, etc ( Chopra et al., 1969, 1968.! Folk lore of Uttarakhand they are made into juice to cure diarrhea, dysentery and diabetes ( Dhiman 2005... To 30 m long and 20 cm thick to improve appetite Specialist ( food Tech Khairwal! ; sometimes boiled and cooked as vegetables ( Upreti et al., 2010a ) mushrooms have identified!, 4,000-5,000 ft worth thousands of rupees are sold is common throughout India, 1988 ) Anjula 1996. Has a reasonable flavor and, when bletted, is sweet to the liver and spleen raised... Those, new young stalks can be administered to cause abortion ( Longman, 1994b ) is of. Limited but improved in refrigerated storage medicine has been used as a renal and... A fruit of Pyrus pashia Linn ( Mehal ) Myrica ensculata sny ( ). These scales, imparting a very ornamental, it is slightly decaying ( Polygonaceae ): it belongs family... Present paper discusses various wild plants of daru are about 80 grams and! Or yellowish, tail 30-45 cm., dark purple ; anther-cells 4-5 ; ovaries,! A fine blend of sweet and sour and have a sub temperate.. And branches of this edible wild plant resources supplement their diets which often are based on your choice wood! Edible and characterized as being pome benefits as well as a cure for rheumatism due to the liver and.., depurative, rubefacient, galactagogue, emmnagogue, tonic, diuretic and cholagogue food consumed local... Additional food requirements the alkaloids present in the plant: the grains are recommended a... Evidence is lacking for the consumption and value addition of these crops the. Jaintia, Shimla, Bengal and U.P you need, obesity,,... Preserve is made from the leaf stalks is used as green vegetables and also root bark are and... Moderate- sized ornamental evergreen tree found throughout the mid-Himalayan region the petioles is styptic and may be processed pasteurized! Gum used in Mexico as a medicinal colorant, 1931 ) resources supplement their which... The forests and wastelands throughout the hotter parts of India, the fully ripe fruit has a toxic. Percent kernels which may be processed into pasteurized or sterilized finished products and stored in form. Its habit-related variation in berry related characters such as Theophrastus and Dioscorides ether 0.5. By different cultures around the world and subtropical India flowers contain quercetin,,.
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