There are four families of jazz chords: 7th chords are the most common jazz chords you’ll hear about. Playing with a low G string on your ukulele. However, the original chord, in this case, is a minor one. You can make it fancier or simpler, busier or less cluttered, and change the tone and feel, depending on your mood. Check out “Lyin’ In Wait” from his album Man With a Love Song. Major = 6th, minor = minor 7th, 7th = 9th. C is always easy to visualize so I’ll use that for examples, but you should transpose this to as many keys as you can for more practice. The same notes shift down another fret for F6, but it’s easiest to play as a barre instead of trying to wedge your ring and pinky fingers into the same fret as the index and middle. [Fig. The X refers to the root, so to find a shape for C7 look for the X7 shapes and position the shape so that the roots are on Cs on the fretboard. To play this progression with a jumpy rhythm, you should play it this way: Among the most common progressions in jazz music is the ii-V-I progression. This jazz shape has a very smooth sound and is a super hip upgrade for a 7th with the added 9 tone to diversify the harmony. This, paired with 12 keys to transpose to should keep you busy for quite a while. If you’re more old school or want the melody lead sheet to go along with the chords, you can order a copy of The Real Book. It all depends on whose ox is getting gored. David Bruce Ukulele Blues . They allow you to retain the core harmony, but also expand upon it for a more diverse sound. They’re created by the addition of an extra note, the seventh, to the regular major triads. There are various ways to put a low G on your ukulele. E7 Start the car I know a whoopee spot Where the gin is cold but the piano's hot A It's just a noisyEm6/G F7 E7 For a minor blues in C you’d have Cm, Fm, Gm. Once you get into playing jazz songs, your main challenge is learning whatever new shapes you need to strum the tune. There are several of these tomes to choose from. If you want to string your bari this way it’s important to get baritone length strings to accommodate the size of the longer instrument. Nonetheless, we’ll change the chords to be B minor 7th, E dominant 7th, and A major 7th because, as we said before, the use of a seventh chord instead of a triad gives the progression a more jazzy tune. If you’re not much of a DIYer and feel overwhelmed by what I presented above, his stuff might be worth a look. Here is a list of possible substitution chords for this progression. Well, remember there are 17 more substitution principles that I haven’t described in this brief article. Therefore, the chords will be C major, A minor, D minor, and G major. The ukulele is known for its ability to host different music styles, and jazz isn’t an exception. For example, instead of C7, you could play C9, C7 augmented (C7+), or C13, just to name a few, because all these chords are C7 with an extra note added (a ninth, a sharp fifth, and so on). There are 21 substitution ideas in my book—here are four of them, as well as tips on playing my arrangement of “Red River Valley.”, You can substitute any chord from the same chord type as the given chord. read this article about the circle of fifths, lessons and workbooks for jazz songs on the uke, charts for the 6th, minor7th, and 9th chords, Dm G7 C (bars 15 & 16 of part A, bars 1 & 2 of part B). More about me, The chord voicings in the progressions section can all be found in. Most people associate the ukulele with Hawaiian music, but there is a rich tradition of playing popular jazz standards on the instrument. Let’s try another set of chord shapes before moving onto another progression. This is a classic that many uke players start with. The 6th Chord. E L Bowman 12th Street Rag . These four principles are illustrated in my arrangement of the old cowboy song “Red River Valley.” First, check out the basic tune, using simple, first-position chords. The good news is that much of the content you need to study has already been made for you. Read more about that below. There are few ukulele chords that sound better than some standard jazz shapes played in a simple progression. Even if you’re not keen on learning all the theories of substitution, you can play many jazz songs with the two progressions mentioned above. Sometimes it’s a matter of substituting one chord for another, like playing a C9 instead of a C7 (more on that later). The first example just goes from a normal G and then drops down one fret, returning to the G on the next strum. Assuming that we’re playing in the key of C, we should play the 1st, 6th, 2nd, and 5th chords in the same key. Employing the mystic art of jazz alchemy, they enhance simple chord progressions and make them more interesting, subtler, and prettier. The second is just the opposite: This is just a simple C6 Ebdim7 F6 G9 progression, but with scrubs leading into every chord. Since the thumb downstrum gets the job done most of the time, that’s all there really is to it. BY FRED SOKOLOW |FROM THE SPRING 2014 ISSUE OF UKULELE Y ou may have noticed that jazz players seldom play the chords exactly as they’re written in songbooks or fake books. She is located in Australia. The major 6th family of ukulele jazz chords is a direct substitution for ANY major chord, regardless of key. Start it from the 5th fret so that your finger barres: 5555. It’s easier if I include the chord diagrams as we work through some of the progressions so keep reading to get to the shapes. Pick any chord from the left column, and work your way across, picking one chord from each column. For example, A is the sixth note in the C major scale, so Am is the relative minor of C. Instead of just playing a C chord, you can play Am or a C followed by an Am. However, to make them sound more sparkly and jumpy, we’re going to keep the C chord as it is and alter the other three. Any of these shapes can be used interchangeably. To start, let’s use this shape for Dm7. At other times, you can play a whole series of chords where only one chord was written. It wasn’t always possible, sometimes there are more, sometimes less. The major 6th family of ukulele jazz chords is a direct substitution for ANY major chord, regardless of key. It’s almost more of a rhythmic thing than a note thing. E7 Start the car I know a whoopee spot Where the gin is cold but the piano's hot A It's just a noisy hall Em6 / G - F7 Where there's a nightly brawl E7 And All That A Jazz! You learn how jazz chords are played together in combinations. So if the song count is 1…2…3…4…, you’d strum on the beat, plodding along. (plus a few ring-ins!) He said that the most important thing is that it sounds good – it doesn’t matter what exact chord progression you use. [, Learn a Fingerstyle Uke Arrangement of “Dallas Rag”, Learn How the Beatles, Buddy Holly & the Rolling Stones Grabbed Listeners By the Ears, Shutdown Skills Series: Basic Technique for Ukulele, Gods of Uke: The Wizardry of Israel Kamakawiwo’ole, Your First Ukulele Lesson: A Beginner’s Guide to Playing Ukulele, How to Read Ukulele Music: Your Guide to Understanding Musical Notation, Enter the Córdoba 24 Series Ukulele Giveaway, Common Sense Care: How to Keep Your Ukulele in Tip-Top Shape, Watch Craig Chee Perform “Beautiful Dreamer” and Learn to Play Our Arrangement. Seventh Chord While by itself the foundation for countless simple do-wop songs, if dressed up a bit, this I, vi, IV, V7 progression works wonders on ukulele for creating jazz chord content. Generally, whether you’re a ukulele player or not, you’ll find your hands itching to play jazz whenever you hear songs like “Over The Rainbow” by Israel Kamakawiwo’ ole, or any song by Lyle Ritz, who produced several albums playing jazz on the uke. I’m going to help you get started by hand feeding you shapes that exist in the same area on the fretboard. Just like the others, the dominant 9th – or just “9th” – is a substitution for any dominant 7th chord in any key on the ukulele. I end up using this for songs like “Sophisticated Hula” or “Little Rock Getaway“. [Fig. No waiting for UPS, FedEx or mail deliveries. UkuTabs is part of the UkuWorld network which also offers ukulele tips & guides, ukulele scales, chord charts, an ukulele tuner and much more! Let’s say we have the C-E-G chord, which is a major chord on the C scale. Let’s find all the 2 5 1 progressions we can. But to send you on your way, I’ll break down a tune so you can see what’s happening and how you can change jazz songs up to suit your abilities. Employing the mystic art of jazz alchemy, they enhance simple chord progressions and make them more interesting, subtler, and prettier. 1-7 of 7 Jazz Ukulele Sheet Music, Lessons, Chord Charts, Resources ( See also our Ukulele Lead Sheets selection) Type Artist Title Popularity Date. It really goes to show how important it is to practice and internalize 2 5 1 progressions since you can string them together to form the majority of most jazz songs.
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